Welcome to Te Toi Ōhanga
The name ‘Te Toi Ōhanga™’ uses the poetic power of the Māori language to describe the existence of a summit or high point in the development of indigenous (Māori) economics. While the Māori word ‘Ōhanga’ is commonly used as a translation for the English words ‘economics, economic and economy’, its significance is often missed. The word ‘Ōhanga’ comes from ‘oha’ as in ‘koha’ (transl. a gift, present, offering, donation or contribution; especially one that assists in maintaining social relationships and carries an obligation of reciprocity). Thus, the indigenous (Māori) economy referred to by the name ‘Te Toi Ohanga’ is distinctly different from a capitalist notion of ‘market economics’. Te Toi Ōhanga may be defined as the expressions of kawa, kaupapa and tikanga that maintain the wellbeing and survival of Te Whānau o Rangi rāua ko Papatūānuku in which Papatūānuku (transl. our Earth mother), Ranginui (our Sky father) and Atua (transl. the children of Papatūānuku and Ranginui) are the kaitiaki (transl. guardians, caretakers) of the various domains of the natural world and Tangata Whenua (transl. Māori communities) are the teina (transl. younger siblings) of what might be described as this whānau Māori ecosystem.