A closer look at the cultural survival dimension of Māori Genuine Progress Indicator (mGPI) accounting
This report contains the findings of a kaupapa-based literature review (Cole 2019a; 2019b) on the topic of cultural survival. While this topic of inquiry will be of interest to scholars from many different disciplinary backgrounds, the creative activity1 that supports the writing of this report is a contribution towards the ongoing development of Māori Genuine Progress Indicator (mGPI) accounting in New Zealand (Cole et al., 2019c). Our current prototype mGPI accounting system2 measures different ‘markers’ (Corry, 2011) of Māori community cultural survival. However, detailed elaboration of this cultural survival (accounting) goal was not an urgent priority in our initial efforts to decolonise Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI) accounting so that it could be safely used in a Māori community context. Two years after the completion of a prototype mGPI accounting system, the creative activity that supports this report was intended as an opportunity to take a closer look at the cultural survival dimension of mGPI accounting.
This report may be considered as an expression of indigenous (Māori) transdisciplinary (Cole, 2017), an approach to knowledge development that is characteristic of the knowledge development experiences of our tīpuna pre-1769 (Cole 2019d). A creative activity approach of this kind provides freedom to move beyond a strictly Māori community-based perception of ‘cultural survival’ by exploring other levels of reality–perception of importance to, for example, western scientific scholars and our Māori pūkenga within the western academy. The aim of a creative activity approach of this kind is to build a more comprehensive picture of cultural survival characteristics rather than to search for and argue the case for one ‘superior’ definition (White 1959). For this reason, the ‘literature review’ outlined in this report differs significantly from disciplinary-based literature reviews which are written with the intention of (i) historically narrating-defining and critically evaluating the current state of knowledge so as to (ii) position emerging theory in relation to that which already exists.
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